Contacts: Catherine Mater, President, Mater Engineering (541-753-7335); Dominick DellaSala, Ph.D., Chief Scientist, Geos Institute (541-482-4459 x 302, 541-621-7223); Nathaniel Lawrence, Natural Resources Defense Council (360-534-9900); Jim Furnish, Retired Siuslaw National Forest Supervisor (240-271-1650)
A recently released study of second growth availability on the Tongass National Forest shows that the U.S. Forest Service can end industrial old growth logging there within 5 years while, if it chooses, still increasing the total volume of trees harvested. The Forest Service announced in May that it was considering transitioning timber sales from old growth to second growth but within 10 to 15 years. The new study shows that transition can begin immediately and finish in no more than 5 years, shifting logging to second growth in previously logged and roaded areas outside of sensitive resource lands.
A 2014 study update commissioned by Geos Institute and Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) conclusively shows that there is immediate access to supplies of second growth trees that could be harvested in southeast Alaska as an alternative to harvesting old growth trees. The original study conducted by Oregon-based Mater Ltd. released in 2013 used Forest Service and Tongass Futures Roundtable data to estimate the number of second growth acres already pre-commercially thinned that could be harvested at 55-years of age. Prior research financed by The Nature Conservancy determined the desired log characteristics for a dedicated small log processing operation on Prince of Wales Island could be obtained from 55-year old hemlock and spruce stands.
The prior Mater study lacked spatially explicit analysis that was then updated by conducting GIS analysis in the targeted regions. With funding from Geos and NRDC, and assistance from the Tongass National Forest (for GIS data supply), that spatially explicit analysis was completed by Mater Ltd. and Oregon-based Conservation Biology Institute in May 2014.
“We needed to confirm two baselines in the 2014 on the ground analysis: that 55-year old stands are actually there (not estimated), and that those stands are immediately accessible by currently open roads within the Tongass National Forest” stated Catherine Mater, President of Mater Ltd. “We now are able to clearly show where those stands are located, and how much volume can be generated from them as an offset to harvesting old growth timber.”
According to Mater, “Working with the Forest Service was crucial in securing necessary GIS data for the on the ground analysis.” The analysis shows that beginning in 2015 over 25-million log board feet of timber per year derived from second growth could be harvested from the Prince of Wales area, increasing to an annual and sustained supply of over 40 million log board feet.
To help facilitate awareness of these new findings, a preliminary public portal link has been established through Conservation Biology Institute’s Databasin program.
According to Dominick DellaSala, Chief Scientist of Geos Institute and author of Temperate and Boreal Rainforests of the World, “We have a once-in-a lifetime opportunity to stop needless logging of old growth in one of the world’s last relatively intact rainforests with the added benefit of keeping carbon in the forest and out of the atmosphere where logging these forests would otherwise put it.”
The President’s Climate Action Plan of June 2013 and November 2013 Executive Order on Climate Change recognize the role that forests play in mitigating climate change impacts by absorbing (sequestering) atmospheric carbon and storing it long-term in long-lived trees. The Mater report shows how the Tongass, among the world’s most carbon dense forests, can be protected for their climate and wildlife benefits and still meet the region’s demand for timber supply.
Neil Lawrence, with Natural Resources Defense Council, also called on the Administration to act swiftly on these findings. “The Forest Service has a unique opportunity to end controversial timber sales and promote a robust economy in the region that is ecologically responsible. The Mater report demonstrates that transition is possible right now. That’s good news for everyone in the region who benefits from the Tongass’ amazing natural values, as well as local businesses looking for a stable, low-conflict future. All the Forest Service has to do is get on with the transition ASAP.”
The Tongass is not alone in efforts to transition to more sustainable forestry practices. Jim Furnish, former Siuslaw National Forest Supervisor, began a similar transition in the 1990s on the Siuslaw NF. “Back in the 1990s, we were also faced with the difficulty of a rapid transition. But we determined to make it happen as quickly as possible, and our local timber industry responded well. Today, the Siuslaw harvests 40 million board feet a year by cutting only second growth.”
The Mater report noted that the Forest Service should begin a pilot program immediately to demonstrate the economic feasibility of local processing for second growth logs. Second growth of similar age is already being utilized by Alaska’s private sector, suggesting that Tongass logs would be economically viable as well. Current subsidies for the Tongass timber program could be redirected to assist local mills in retooling for smaller logs.